The Elephantine Papyri. Robert Hutto. Through the nineteenth century and into the beginning of the twentieth, a collection of papyri was found at and around a. The Elephantine papyri are written in Aramaic, the lingua franca of the Persian period from Asia Minor to Arabia and Upper. Egypt. In vocabulary, phraseology. One of the oldest collections of Jewish manuscripts, dating from the fifth century BCE, the Elephantine papyri were written by the Jewish community at.

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A Family Elepyantine from the Nile Valley. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elephantine papyri. Possibly because the clients were dissatisfied with something the scribe had written, at one point the text of the document breaks off and then starts over again, repeating what has gone on before with some additions.

The Elephantine documents include letters and legal contracts from family and other archives: Image of document in gallery.

Retrieved from ” https: The Archives from Elephantine: Porten, Bezalel with J. This page was last edited on 1 Decemberat The eight papyri contained at elephsntine Brooklyn Museum concern one particular Jewish family, providing specific information about the daily lives of a man called Ananiah, a Jewish temple official; his wife, Tamut, an Egyptian slave; and their children, over the course of forty-seven years.

The receipt demonstrates that friendly business relations continued between Egyptians and Jews in Elephantine after the expulsion of the Persians by pharaoh Amyrtaios of the 28th Dynasty. Retrieved 18 July Ancient marriage documents generally formalized already existing relationships.

Elephantine Papyri

The renovation of the house and its gradual transfers to family members are the central concerns of the next several documents in Ananiah’s family archive. An assortment of other texts including ostraka were therafter acquired by Greville Chester in the s, and by Charles Edwin Wilbour, W.


Yahweh and the Gods and Goddesses of Canaan. The ‘Passover letter’ of BCE discovered inwhich gives detailed instructions for properly keeping the passover is in the Egyptian Museum of Berlin. By order of King Darius. University of California Press, The Elephantine Papyri is the collective name commonly given to several archives of documents belonging to members of a Jewish garrison community which inhabited the island of Elephantine ancient Yebnear Aswan in Egypt, between and BCE.

The Elephantine Papyri in English: Canaan and Israel in Antiquity: Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.

Elephantine papyri – Wikipedia

It was rare for a slave to be freed. This unique Jewish community possessed its own temple to Yahweh on the island, apparently functioning alongside the long-established cult shrine of the local ram-headed deity Khnum. For his daughter Yehoishema’s dowry, Ananiah had transferred to her partial ownership of the house he shared with Tamut.

The boundary description included here refers to the Temple of Yahou in Elephantine, now rebuilt eight years after its destruction in BCE during a civil war conflict that arose out of a land dispute. During the Persian Period in Egypt, it was not uncommon to sell children, or even oneself, into slavery to pay debts. As an institution, slavery in Egypt at that time differed in notable ways from the practice in some other cultures: Future children, however, would still be born slaves.

The Jews had their own temple to Yahweh [1] evincing polytheistic beliefs, which functioned alongside that of Khnum. Legal documents and a cache of letters survived, turned up on the local ‘ gray market ‘ of antiquities starting in the late 19th century, and were scattered into several Western collections. They found at least eight papyrus rolls which were purchased by Charles Edwin Wilbour.


Be ritually clean and take heed.

Elephantine papyri

The triumph of Elohim: Elephantkne, 6; Ungnad, 6; Cowley, Further Elephantine papyri are at the Brooklyn Museum. He was the first person to find Aramaic papyri. Official excavation of the island commenced inproviding an archaeological context for the fascinating details of daily life revealed in the archives.

For seven days it shall not be seen among you. In contrast to Jewish documents like this one, contemporaneous Egyptian marriage documents were negotiated between a husband and wife. There was a response of both governors Bagoas and Delaiah which gave the permission by decree to rebuild the temple written in the form of a memorandum: In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

Because Oapyri was a slave when she married Ananiah, the contract has special conditions: A multicultural couple marries, buys a house, raises kids. The community also appealed for aid to Sanballat Ia Samaritan potentate, and his sons Delaiah and Shelemiahas well as Johanan ben Eliashib.

As such proximity might suggest, the Egyptians, Jews, and Persians in Elephantine all ppayri among one another. Emergent Monotheism in Israel. The documents include letters and legal contracts from family and other archives, and are thus an invaluable source of knowledge for scholars of varied disciplines such as epistolographylaw, society, religion, language and onomastics. The “Petition to Bagoas” Sayce-Cowley collection is a letter written in BCE to Bagoasthe Persian governor of Judea, appealing for assistance in rebuilding the Jewish temple in Elephantine, which had recently been badly damaged by an antisemitic rampage on the part of a segment of the Elephantine community.

Last modified: April 19, 2020