El Estructuralismo de Titchener ” OBRAS ” Sus principales obras son: * Psicología experimental () * Sensación y atención (). Edward Titchener. MG. María Alejandra González Vallejo. Updated 18 March Transcript. -Naciones de psicología (). -La nueva psicología (). Structuralism in psychology (also structural psychology) is a theory of consciousness developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener.
|Published (Last):||14 February 2009|
|PDF File Size:||12.52 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||7.47 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Functionalism was developed by William James in contrast to structuralism. Structuralism has faced a large amount of criticism, particularly from the school of psychology, functionalism which later evolved into the psychology of pragmatism reconvening introspection into acceptable practices of titchened.
This theory was challenged in the 20th century. Titchener believed that physiological processes provide a continuous substratum that give psychological processes a continuity they otherwise would not have.
Retrieved November 11, Wilhelm Wundt instructed Titchener, the founder of structuralism, at the University of Leipzig. In his book, Systematic PsychologyTitchener wrote:. It is true, nevertheless, that observation is the single and proprietary method of science, and that experiment, regarded as scientific method, is nothing else than observation safeguarded and assisted.
He then used this translation to show that Wundt supported Titchener’s own theories. When Titchener brought his theory to Americahe also brought with him Wundt’s work. In particular, Titchener was interested in the relationship between the conscious experience and the physical processes.
Titchener believed tigchener mind was the accumulated experience of a lifetime. Retrieved from ” https: Wundt believes windt type of introspection to be acceptable since it uses laboratory instruments to vary conditions and make results of internal perceptions more precise. Once Titchener identified the elements of mind and their interaction, his theory then asked the question of why the elements interact in the way they do.
Psychology the science of behaviour. Titxhener help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style.
It stressed the importance of empirical, rational thought over an experimental, trial-and-error philosophy. Titchener argued that attention was simply a manifestation of the “clearness” property within sensation. Introspectiontherefore, yielded different results depending on who was using it and what they were seeking. Because wunst was a student of Wilhelm Wundt at the University of LeipzigTitchener’s ideas on how the mind worked were heavily influenced by Wundt’s theory of estructuraismo and his ideas of association and apperception the passive and active combinations of elements of consciousness respectively.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Psicología de la Conciencia: Wundt, Leipzig, Gestalt
The subject would be instructed not to report the name of the object pencil because that did not describe the raw data of what the subject was experiencing. The second issue in Titchener’s theory of structuralism was the question of how the mental elements combined and estrcuturalismo with each other to form conscious experience. One alternative theory to structuralism, to which Titchener took offense, was functionalism functional psychology.
Titchener said that only observable events constituted that science and that any speculation concerning unobservable events have no place in society this view was similar to the one expressed by Ernst Mach. Wundt makes a clear distinction between pure introspection, which is the relatively unstructured self-observation used by earlier philosophers, and experimental introspection. Titchener’s theory began with the question of what each element of the mind is.
estruccturalismo In his translation of Wundt’s work, Titchener illustrates Wundt as a supporter of introspection as a method through which to observe consciousness. Views Read Edit View history. However, introspection only fits Wundt’s theories if the term is taken to refer to psychophysical methods. It is working on the same type of issues such as sensations and perceptions.
Titchener attempted to classify the structures of the mind, like chemists classify the elements of natureinto the nature. Instead, Titchener was interested t seeking pure knowledge that to him was more important than commonplace issues. Structuralism also believes that the mind could whndt dissected into its individual parts, which then formed conscious experience. Some critics also pointed out that introspective techniques actually resulted in retrospection — the memory of a sensation rather than the sensation itself.
Therefore, by following this train of thinking all thoughts were images, which being constructed from elementary sensations meant that all complex reasoning and thought could eventually be broken down into just the sensations which he could get at through introspection.
The state of consciousness which is to be the matter of psychology For instance, structuralism did not concern itself with the study of animal behaviorand estructutalismo. Critics argue that self-analysis was not feasible, since introspective students cannot appreciate the processes or mechanisms of their own mental processes.
Psicología de la Conciencia: Wundt, Leipzig, Gestalt
The main tool Titchener used to try to determine the different components of consciousness was introspection. He concluded estructualismo his research that there were three types of mental elements constituting conscious experience: Researchers are still working to offer objective experimental approaches to measuring conscious experience, in particular within the field of cognitive psychology and is in some ways carrying on the torch of Titchener’s ideas.
Psychology the Science of Behaviour.
Therefore, the nervous system does not cause conscious experience, but can be used to explain some characteristics of mental events. Wikipedia articles with style issues from July All articles with style issues. The main critique of structuralism was its focus on introspection as the method by which to gain an understanding of conscious experience.
These elements could be broken down into their respective properties, which he determined were qualityintensitydurationclearnessand extensity. Titchener writes in his Systematic Psychology:.